From Bush v. Gore to ‘Stop the Steal’: Kenneth Chesebro’s long, strange trip


Chesebro, a buttoned-down Harvard lawyer, evolved from left-leaning jurist to key player in the Trump false electors scandal. What happened?

Kenneth Chesebro speaks to Fulton County Superior Court Judge Scott McAfee during a hearing.
Kenneth Chesebro speaks to Fulton County Superior Court Judge Scott McAfee during a hearing where Chesebro accepted a plea deal from the Fulton County District Attorney at the Fulton County Courthouse Friday, Oct. 20, 2023 in Atlanta. Alyssa Pointer/Pool Photo via AP

WASHINGTON — In January 2001, Kenneth Chesebro was a mild-mannered Harvard lawyer toiling for Al Gore during the 2000 presidential election recount battle. Two decades later, on Jan. 6, 2021, he joined the mob outside the Capitol, reborn as a MAGA-hatted kingpin.

On Friday, Chesebro’s journey took another turn, when he pleaded guilty in a criminal racketeering indictment in Fulton County, Georgia, and agreed to testify against former President Donald Trump and other co-defendants, including Rudy Giuliani and several other top Trump aides.

Chesebro, 62, a workaholic who brought platinum credentials to Trump’s shambolic legal team, is the third defendant to plead guilty for his role in what prosecutors say was a criminal conspiracy to create fraudulent slates of pro-Trump electors in six states, including Georgia, that Joe Biden had won.

Chesebro’s trial, which had been scheduled to begin Monday, will no longer go forward. Liberal lawyers from his former life had hoped it would provide clues to an enduring mystery: What happened to “The Cheese”?

“I still don’t see what should have been a warning sign,” Laurence Tribe, a Harvard constitutional law scholar who was Chesebro’s mentor, said in an interview. “Was there anything I could or should have done?”

Some former colleagues say Chesebro’s 180-degree turn came after a lucrative 2014 investment in bitcoin and a subsequent posh, itinerant lifestyle. Others, including Tribe, see Chesebro as a “moral chameleon” and his story an old one about the seduction of power.

“He wanted to be close to the action,” said Tribe, who is among 60 lawyers and scholars who signed an ethics complaint in New York that could result in Chesebro’s disbarment. At Harvard, Chesebro assisted Tribe on many cases, including Bush v. Gore, which Tribe, as Gore’s chief legal counsel, argued before the Supreme Court.

“I was representing a vice president who might become president,” Tribe said. Chesebro, he continued, “saw me as having access to power. When the world turned and Donald Trump became president, I stopped hearing from him.”

Laurence Tribe, lead lawyer for the Democratic party, speaks at a press conference.
Laurence Tribe, lead lawyer for the Democratic party, speaks at a press conference in November 2000, outside the Federal Courthouse in Miami, Florida after presenting oral arguments in front U.S. District Judge Donald Middlebrooke. – ROBERT SULLIVAN/AFP via Getty Images

Chesebro has responded that in his work for Trump, he was providing him with the zealous legal advocacy that all clients deserve when he proposed a scheme that he acknowledged at the time “could appear treasonous.”

“It is the duty of any attorney to leave no stone unturned in examining the legal options that exist in a particular situation,” Chesebro said in an interview with Talking Points Memo, before he was indicted. Beyond that interview, he has said very little, citing his Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination for most of a deposition he gave to the House committee investigating the Jan. 6 attacks.

Emails released in the run-up to Chesebro’s trial suggest it was not just the law that drove him. In emails to the other Trump lawyers fighting to overturn the 2020 results, Chesebro estimated the odds of the Supreme Court stepping in at 1%. Still, he added, appealing to the high court has “possible political value.”

After his guilty plea Friday, Chesebro’s lawyer, Scott Grubman, said in an email that “Mr. Chesebro is glad to be able to move on with his life and avoid spending even a minute in jail.” Grubman noted that Chesebro had pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy, rather than the racketeering charge.

‘The Cheese’ rises

Chesebro grew up in Wisconsin Rapids, in the heart of the state. His father, Donald Chesebro, was a high school music teacher, clarinetist and local bandleader inducted into the Polka Hall of Fame.

Chesebro graduated from Northwestern University and went on to Harvard Law School, where in a nod to his roots in America’s dairyland, classmates dubbed him “The Cheese.” (His name is actually pronounced CHEZ-bro.)

His classmates remember him as intelligent and clever among the students who clustered around Tribe. They describe him as socially awkward — “Hi, it’s um, Ken,” he would say on phone calls — and in trying to ingratiate himself with faculty staff members ended up pestering them by hanging around a little too long at their desks.

But he worked hard, pulling all-nighters in writing briefs, especially if one was going to have Tribe’s name on it.

Chesebro graduated from law school in 1986 and secured a coveted job, clerking in Washington for U.S. District Court Judge Gerhard Gesell, who presided over some of the most pivotal political cases of the 1970s and 1980s.

Gesell, who died in 1993, ruled against the Nixon administration’s effort to stop The Washington Post and The New York Times from publishing the Pentagon Papers about America’s involvement in Vietnam. He presided over several Watergate trials, ruling that President Richard Nixon’s office tape recordings were in the public domain because they had been played in court, and that Nixon’s firing of Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox was illegal.

The energetic judge prided himself on moving swiftly through his caseload with the help of a single clerk, who from 1986 to 1987 was Chesebro.

Early one morning the judge entered his chambers to find Chesebro asleep on a sofa. A former clerk recalled that Chesebro confessed to him that without telling the judge, he had been living in the courthouse. The judge was generous with his staffers, the former clerk said, and had Chesebro told him he needed housing, he likely would have helped, the clerk said.

After his clerkship Chesebro did not join the government or a big plaintiffs’ firm, as many Gesell proteges did, but moved back to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and hung out his own shingle. For the next two decades he did occasional work for Tribe, writing briefs for his mentor.

In 1994, he married Emily Stevens, a physician. Around the same time he began writing appellate briefs for a slew of cases brought by smokers against the major American tobacco companies. He registered to practice in multiple states and crisscrossed the country.

Holly Hostrup, a California lawyer who worked with Chesebro on appellate briefs defending multibillion-dollar verdicts against Philip Morris, recalled him as a fine lawyer. “He was obviously bright and had good arguments and had good experience and had been hired onto big cases and won big cases,” she said. Hostrup belongs to a lawyers email list and said that Chesebro had been weighing in on tobacco cases as recently as this year.

After Chesebro’s indictment Hostrup asked an expert in courtroom psychology to help her understand: “How does a person who worked on all those cases on the plaintiffs’ side become a MAGA Republican?”

“To my mind,’’ she said, “it was like turning around and going to work for Philip Morris.”

Richard Daynard, a Northeastern University law professor and president of its Public Health Advocacy Institute, devised the legal strategy for suing the tobacco giants. “Ken was a guy with really interesting ideas, and proud of them,” he recalled.

“I can see the seduction,” he added, speaking of Chesebro’s embrace by Trump World. “I’m a Democrat, and if I had some bright ideas Biden’s advisers were taking seriously, that’s a big deal, a kind of opportunity.

“But of course I’m not about to throw my body over the tracks by saying this is a wonderful human being and whatever he was doing had to be for good reason.”

Sudden wealth, severed ties

During the 2000 presidential election recount battle in Florida, Chesebro served on the research team assisting Tribe and other legal luminaries representing Gore. After Gore lost, Tribe and Chesebro worked together on a few more big lawsuits, then largely went separate ways.

But they stayed in touch. Chesebro’s 2014 investment in bitcoin netted him “several million dollars,” he wrote in an email to Tribe that was quoted in a recent article in Air Mail. His marriage ended, and Chesebro acquired expensive homes in Boston and New York City, and a villa in Puerto Rico.

Soon after Chesebro’s big payday, his name began appearing on legal briefs filed by far-right conservatives, including John Eastman and a former Wisconsin judge, James Troupis. All three were described as co-conspirators in the federal indictment for the 2020 election scheme. He made hefty campaign donations to far-right Republicans, maxing out to Trump in 2020.

Attorney Scott Grubman, center, and Serreen Meki, left, answer questions from the media.
Attorney Scott Grubman, center, and Serreen Meki, left, answer questions from the media after their client, Kenneth Chesebro, accepted a plea deal during a hearing in front of Fulton County Superior Court Judge Scott McAfee at the Fulton County Courthouse October 20, 2023 in Atlanta, Georgia. – Alyssa Pointer/Getty Images

Troupis appealed to Chesebro for help several days after the election. According to the Georgia indictment, Chesebro drafted a flurry of incriminating memos.

In emails laying out the false electors plan, Chesebro misinterpreted Tribe’s work on Bush v. Gore, repeatedly citing it to support his theories. Tribe called him out in an article in August titled “Anatomy of a Fraud.”

This article originally appeared in The New York Times.

Originally posted 2023-10-23 12:48:39.